ACNE

| |

Acne is a red, irritating skin rash primarily affecting teenagers and young adults. It can, however, occur at all ages.

Typical acne appears in the oil-producing areas of the body—namely, the face, chest, and back. Acne can also occur on the neck and upper arms.

Acne can have a short-term, potentially lasting psychological effect. Decreased self-esteem and self-confidence can lead to social withdrawal and even depression . Left untreated, severe acne can lead to disfiguring scarring.

Who gets acne?

Close to 100% of people between the ages of twelve and seventeen have at least an occasional whitehead, blackhead or pimple, regardless of race or ethnicity.However, acne is more serious. In fact, by their mid-teens, more than 40% of adolescents have acne severe enough to require some treatment by a physician.

In most cases, acne starts between the ages of ten and thirteen and usually lasts for five to ten years. It normally goes away on its own sometime in the early twenties. However, acne can persist into the late twenties or thirties or even beyond. Some people get acne for the first time as adults.

Acne affects young men and young women about equally, but there are differences. Young men are more likely than young women to have more severe, longer lasting forms of acne. Young women are more likely to have intermittent acne due to hormonal changes associated with their menstrual cycle and acne caused by cosmetics. These kinds of acne may afflict young women well into adulthood.

Which parts of body are prone for acne?

Acne lesions are most common on the face, but they can also occur on the neck, chest, back, shoulders, scalp, and upper arms and legs.

Several myths about acne

Acne is not a result of uncleanliness or infrequent washing. In other words, acne does not result from too much dirt on the skin or in the pores. Too much scrubbing may actually make acne worse.
Acne does not come from eating a lot of so-called bad foods such as chocolate or fried foods. No foods cause acne or make it worse.
You just have to let acne run its course. The truth is, acne can be cleared up. If the acne products you have tried haven’t worked, consider seeing a dermatologist.

Acne Causes

Several factors contribute to the development of acne

Bacteria : Bacteria that normally live on the skin also play a role in acne development. The bacteria known as Propionibacterium acnes are responsible for causing acne.

Hormones : One important factor is an increase in hormones called androgens (male sex hormones). These increase in both boys and girls during puberty and cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and make more sebum.

Hormonal changes related to pregnancy or starting or stopping birth control pills can also cause acne.

Heredity: Another factor is heredity or genetics. The tendency to develop acne can be inherited from parents.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Acne lesions

There are 2 major types of acne lesions: noninflammatory and inflammatory.

Noninflammatory acne lesions include blackheads (open comedones) and whiteheads (closed comedones).

Inflammatory acne lesions consist of red blemishes, pimples also called zits (papules, pustules), and larger, deeper swollen tender lesions (nodules).

Factors That Can Make Acne Worse

Changing hormone levels in adolescent girls and adult women 2 to 7 days before their menstrual period starts
Oil from skin products (moisturizers or cosmetics) or grease encountered in the work environment (for example, a kitchen with fry vats)
Pressure from sports helmets or equipment, backpacks, tight collars, or tight sports uniforms
Environmental irritants, such as pollution and high humidity
Squeezing or picking at blemishes
Hard scrubbing of the skin
Stress

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Acne Treatment

Today, virtually every case of acne can be resolved. The key to getting rid of acne lesions and preventing new ones from forming lies in knowing that:

Resolution takes time.
What works for one person may not work for another.
A dermatologist’s help may be required.
Did You Know?
Once acne significantly improves or clears, continued treatment is needed to keep acne from re-appearing .

Self-Care at Home

Wash once or twice daily with soap and water to remove excess oil from the skin.
Avoid scrubbing too abrasively because this can actually irritate the skin and cause acne to worsen.
Some cosmetics and other skin care products, however, can cause acne to worsen. Look for make-up, cosmetics, and skin care products labeled with the word noncomedogenic . This means that it does not cause or worsen acne.
Medical Treatment

Many treatment options are available to treat all forms of acne.

Medications are the main treatment for acne and usually work well.

The prognosis for most acne is excellent.

The goal in all acne treatment is to prevent scarring.

The scarring of acne can also be treated. Your doctor can tell you about various ways available to treat acne scars.

Antibiotics: Antibiotics can be effective in treating most inflammatory acne (papules and pustules). They work by killing the bacteria and also by decreasing the redness and swelling seen in the inflammatory forms of acne.

Antibiotics may be applied to the skin in the form of gels and lotions, or by way of pills

A doctor may recommend other types of drugs or therapy to improve acne

Specific treatments offered at our clinic:

The prognosis for most acne is excellent.

The goal in all acne treatment is to prevent scarring. Severe acne left untreated for a long time can result in scarring.

We design treatments as per the individual patient, which include :

Skin Analysis : Dr.Purnima will grade your Pimple and recommend a holistic and effective treatment plan , customized to you

The TOPICAL treatment carried out exclusively at our clinic includes:

Cleansing of face (or the area where patient is suffering from acne)
Application of AHA mask (which is prepared by doctor herself containing most effective ingredients).
Comedo Extraction. (This prevents scarring)
Application of cooling mask (which is a preparation made out of herbal medicines & aromatic oils prepared by doctor herself)

Special Treatments

Acne surgery may be used by your dermatologist to remove blackheads and whiteheads. Do not pick, scratch, pop, or squeeze pimples yourself. When the pimples are squeezed, more redness, swelling, inflammation, and scarring may result.
Microdermabrasion may be used to remove the upper layers of the skin improving irregularities in the surface, contour, and generating new skin.
Chemical peels with salicylic acid or glycolic acid help to unblock the pores, open the blackheads and whiteheads, and stimulate new skin growth.
Injections of corticosteroids may be used for treating large red bumps (nodules). This may help them go away quickly.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Laser Acne Treatment

Why Seek Laser Treatment For Acne?
Acne is generally successfully treated with a variety of topical and oral medications. Inflammatory acne often requires the chronic use of antibiotics by mouth. Laser treatment can usually lead to a lessening of the amount of required antibiotics. Laser treatment can improve not only the inflamed acne, but also leads to improvement in acne scars.

What Lasers Are Used For Acne?

There are 2 basic groups of acne treating lasers and light based systems. One group of technologies inhibits the growth of the bacteria that is involved in acne lesions. The other group of lasers shrink the sebaceous oil glands that play a pivotal role in acne. Theses approaches can also improve the quality of acne scars. We will often use more than 1 laser or light based system to optimize the acne clearing benefits of these devices. Because we have multiple different acne improving systems, we will use those technologies we feel most appropriate for the particular patient’s condition.

How Many Treatments Are Required?

Most patients require approximately 5-7 monthly treatments to see the desired improvement. Periodic re-treatments will be required as acne flares.

What Does Laser Acne Treatment Feel Like?

TTreatments generally have the sensation of a rubber band. For those who find this uncomfortable, a numbing topical anesthetic cream can be used.

Can I Combine Laser Treatment With Other Acne Treatments?

Most patients stay on their topical medications while undergoing laser treatments. In general, less antibiotic treatment by mouth will be required. Often microdermabrasion , when combined with acne laser treatment, leads to even better results.

How Do I Get Started?

Dr.Purnima and her staff will be happy to discuss this procedure with you.

THE TREATMENTS FOR ACNE DIFFER FROM PATIENT TO PATIENT.
AT OUR CLINIC THE SPECIFIC TREATMENT IS DESIGNED AS PER THE NEED OF THE PATIENT

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Acne Scars

A detailed and comprehensive discussion of acne scars starts with causes of scarring, prevention of scarring, types of scars, and treatments for scars.

a. Causes of Acne Scars

In the simplest terms, scars form at the site of an injury to tissue. They are the visible reminders of injury and tissue repair. In the case of acne, the injury is caused by the body’s inflammatory response to sebum , bacteria and dead cells in the plugged sebaceous follicle . Two types of true scars exist, as discussed later: (1) depressed areas such as ice-pick scars, and (2) raised thickened tissue such as keloids.

The life history of scars also is not well understood. Some people bear their acne scars for a lifetime with little change in the scars, but in other people the skin undergoes some degree of remodeling and acne scars diminish in size.

People also have differing feelings about acne scars. Scars of more or less the samesize that may be psychologically distressing to one person may be accepted by another person. The person who is distressed by scars is more likely to seek treatment to remove scars.

Posted by on Thursday, June 16th, 2011. Filed under Apparel. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. You can leave a response or trackback to this entry

1 Comment for “ACNE”

  1. great post, I really like you blog and I am going to bookmark it, thank you.

You must be logged in to post a comment Login